How to land an airplane on a emergency – Cómo realizar un aterrizaje de emergencia
Every time I see a movie where the pilot is killed, or there is no pilot at all; I ask my self: What if I were on that plane?
Surely, I’d crash, and everyone will die.
That’s why I love to find articles like these! Now, I can be a hero; just like Bruce Willis or Arnold Schwarz!
1. Take a seat in the left side of the cockpit, very gently grab a hold of the control yoke and put your feet on the rudder pedals.
2. Airplanes operate in three dimensions and must have a minimum amount of airspeed to stay aloft. Your first task is to make sure the airplane’s wings are level.
3. Look outside and use the horizon as a guide to help you level the wings. In other words, you want the airplane to fly straight and stop turning.
4. Gently step on the rudder pedal in the same direction that you must turn the yoke to stop the turn. In other words, if the airplane is turning right, you would turn the yoke left and gently press the left rudder pedal.
5. To stop the airplane from climbing or descending, look outside. If the horizon is high in the windshield you are probably descending. The airspeed will be increasing and the outside wind noise will be increasing too.
6. If the horizon is low in the windshield, or not visible at all, you are probably climbing. If you are climbing the airspeed will be decreasing and the outside wind noise will be decreasing too.
7. Next, you must apply enough power to the throttle to keep the airplane flying at a safe airspeed. The throttle (or throttles) is just above knee height on the center console between the pilot and copilot seats. If the airplane has two engines, there are two adjacent throttles.
8. Once the airplane is level, you can adjust your airspeed with the throttle. Push the throttle forward to increase power.
9. The red line on the airspeed indicator indicates the (fastest) never exceed speed. Do not let the airplane go faster than this speed. To slow down, pull the throttle back, or pull back slightly on the yoke. Never exceed this airspeed under any circumstances.
10. . Keep the airspeed in the green band. The lower end of the green band is the stall speed with no flaps. In other words, the airplane must be flying faster than that speed or the wings will lose lift. (the plane will begin to fall from the sky).
11. Once the airplane is trimmed out and flying level at a safe airspeed, find the radio stack between the pilot and co-pilot and make a call for help on 121.5MHz. If you can’t figure out how to change the frequency, call whoever you can on the current frequency. There is usually a push to talk (PTT) button on the yoke. Repeat “Mayday” three times for an emergency and briefly give a description of your emergency (pilot unconscious, engine failed, etc). Be sure to release the PTT button after you declare your emergency or you won’t hear a response.
12. Look for an airport, wide highway, or a large field to land. Make sure the landing area is relatively smooth without large rocks or other airplane crippling obstacles. If possible, land into the wind.
13. Once you have decided on a place to land, align the aircraft with the landing strip and slowly reduce power to initiate a descent. Keep the airspeed slightly ABOVE the lower end of the green band on the airspeed indicator. If the airplane has landing gear, put them down. (It’s the knob at knee level that looks like a tire). Lower one notch of flaps. The flap lever is next to the gear lever and is usually marked in 10 degree increments.
14. When the airplane is about 500 feet above ground, lower the flaps completely and be prepared to add a little throttle to keep the airplane from decelerating too much.
15. At 100 feet above ground (wings level, pitching down slightly), start reducing the power and pitching up slightly as the airspeed drops off. Keep it coming down, do not level off or climb. Be careful not to let the yoke move forward or you could hit the ground hard.
16. At the moment of contact with the ground, you should have a slightly nose high pitch – meaning that the airplane will touch down on the main tires before the front tire touches. When the airplane has two wheels solidly on the ground, reduce the throttle to idle by pulling it all the way back toward you.
17. Depress the TOP of each pedal uniformly to apply the brakes – but do not lock-up the tires.
18. You have just landed an airplane. Congratulations now go get flight lessons!
Cada vez que veo una de esas películas donde matan al piloto o directamente no hay piloto, me pregunto: ¿qué pasaría si yo fuese en ese avión y tuviese que manejarlo?
Seguramente moriría y todos los que van conmigo!
Es por eso que me encanta encontrar artículos como este!
Ahora, si estoy en ese situación, puedo ser héroe como Bruce Willis, o Arnold S.!!
PD: Lean en inglés las instrucciones porque no pienso traducir todo eso!!
Written by Pablo (Published articles: 3307)